Turkey

The modern republic of Turkey was founded by Mustafa Kamal Attaturk in 1923, in the wake of World War I. Turkey, however, subsequently struggled with periods of instability due to military coups that occurred in 1960, 1971, 1974 and 1980. The Islamist government today, led by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, successfully consolidated political power and purged the military of its top ranks, virtually ensuring against future military coups. The Turkish government faced significant domestic unrest in the summer of 2013, but it does not appear to be in danger of domestic instability. Turkey under the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is a vociferous supporter of the Palestinian terror group Hamas, currently in control of the Gaza Strip. To this end, Ankara supported the May 2010 flotilla incident, where several Turkish citizens died attempting to break Israel’s blockade of Gaza. Turkey seeks membership in the EU, but its Islamist government may prove to be an impediment. Turkey was a strong supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt before its 2013 demise. Turkey is also a leading actor in arming and organizing the Syrian opposition forces.

  • Military EXHD
    2.31% of GDP
  • Fit for Service
    35,005,326
  • Population
    81,619,392
  • GDP
    $821.8 Billion

Turkey Signs Contract for First National Drone

ANKARA — After a lengthy delay, the Turkish government signed a critical contract for the acquisition of an initial batch of 10 drones that Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) locally designed, developed and will manufacture. Turkey’s procurement agency, the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM), announced Tuesday that the contract for the Anka, Turkey’s first indigenous UAV, calls […]

Pakistan to Begin Exporting JF-17 Thunder Fighter Jets

Pakistan will begin exporting the JF-17 Thunder multirole fighter jet next year Pakistani media outlets reported on Friday, citing unnamed officials from the Ministry of Defense Production. According to a report that appeared in multiple Pakistani newspapers, “The Pakistan Air Force has been assigned [a] target of exporting 5 to 7 JF-17 Thunder planes next year and discussions […]

Turkey Asks US to Extend Pricing on Patriot Missile Bid

Turkey has asked the United States to extend the pricing on Raytheon Co’s Patriot missile defense system proposal, two sources familiar with the discussions told Reuters on Monday, a sign that Ankara is keeping its options open in case its talks with the preferred Chinese supplier fall through. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan last […]

SSM Signs Agreement with TAI for 10 ANKA UAVs

İSTANBUL — The Undersecretariat for the Defense Industry (SSM) has signed an agreement with local producer Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) for 10 ANKA unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). According to a statement from the SSM yesterday, the agreement was signed on Oct. 25 and the vehicles and their ground control systems will be delivered between 2012 […]

Turkey Open To New Bids For Anti-Missile System

ANKARA — Turkey said Saturday it was open to new bids in its plan to acquire its first long-range anti-missile system, should its controversial negotiations with China come to nothing. “It is not a finalized deal yet. If US and European companies make us better offers, we will continue to talk with them,” said Foreign Minister […]

NATO Wants Say In Turkey-China Missile Deal

BRUSSELS — NATO’s chief said Tuesday he hoped Turkey would keep in mind the military alliance’s views as it mulls a missile defense deal with China. Anders Fogh Rasmussen said NATO member Turkey could buy equipment from any source after Ankara raised the possibility of accepting a Chinese bid to build its first long-range anti-missile […]

Indigenous Tank, Professional Army Backbone of Turkish Efforts

ANKARA — Building an indigenous battle tank to counter conventional threats and transforming NATO’s second largest Army from conscript to professional drive Turkish efforts to strengthen ground warfare, according to officials and analysts. “As we perceive the country’s south and east re-emerging as a conventional security threat, these efforts will gain prominence,” a senior military […]

China’s Arms Industry Makes Global Inroads

BEIJING — From the moment Turkey announced plans two years ago to acquire a long-range missile defense system, the multibillion-dollar contract from a key NATO member appeared to be an American company’s to lose.   For years, Turkey’s military had relied on NATO-supplied Patriot missiles, built by the American companies Raytheon and Lockheed Martin, to […]

Turkey To Reissue F-35 Order

ANKARA — Turkey’s procurement authorities will reissue an order for the first two F-35 joint strike fighters the country intended to buy but suspended at the beginning of this year.   “We will submit a request to the Defense Industry Executive Committee in December or January to renew our order for the first two aircraft,” […]

Covering the Bases: Reassessing U.S. Military Deployments in Turkey After the July 2016 Coup d’État

Download the full report here (PDF). The Republic of Turkey has been a reliable staging point for U.S. forces for more than six decades. Turkish bases have historically provided the U.S. military easy access to multiple theaters without having to build new infrastructure or forge new agreements. Today, American forces in Turkey are targeting the […]

The Saudi-led Coalition Is Not Ready to Fight the Islamic State

President Barack Obama and Defense Secretary Ashton Carter visited Saudi Arabia last week hoping to reassure nervous Gulf allies that American security commitments remain in force in the wake of last year’s Iran nuclear deal. In exchange, the White House was hoping to encourage the Gulf states to play a more active role in the […]

Putin’s Belligerence Reaches a Tipping Point

Turkey shot down a Russian fighter jet today after it violated the country’s airspace. The Turkish military claims it issued ten warnings before shooting down the aircraft, while Russia denies any breach of Turkish territory. The incident marks the most serious direct confrontation between a NATO member and Russia in half a century. Russian President […]

Russian Forays Into Turkish Airspace Challenge Ankara’s Syria Policy… And NATO

Russian warplanes entered Turkish airspace from Syria twice over the weekend, sending Turkish F-16s scrambling. In separate incidents on Monday, a Russian-made Syrian MiG-29 jet placed two Turkish F-16s patrolling the border under radar lock for several minutes. Later that day, Syrian surface-to-air missile batteries locked on to another flight of Turkish F-16s. The incidents […]

Should the U.S. Continue to Use Incirlik?

Turkey’s cabinet announced July 29 that the United States and coalition members targeting the Islamic State (ISIS) would be permitted to fly combat missions from Incirlik air base in south Turkey. This U.S.-Turkish facility is well positioned near the Syrian front, and offers the coalition greater tactical flexibility. It could certainly help in the effort, as […]

The Folly of Turkey’s Syrian Buffer Zone Plan

Ankara raised the prospect last weekend of a military operation to create a buffer zone along its Syrian frontier. While Turkey is officially part of a 60-nation coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), this military initiative would instead be focused on a different threat: the Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (PYD) in Syria. […]

An Edge in the Desert

Weapons are pouring into the Middle East at an unprecedented rate. The Pentagon recently announced that it would sell six tilt-rotor Osprey aircraft to Israel for $1.3 billion, American hardware (including Apache helicopters) is being rushed to the Iraqi government to help in its battle against al Qaeda, and Washington has also restored military aid to Egypt after a brief hiatus. But Uncle […]

Category Name
QME

Active Armaments
On Order
Air Defense Systems 1,903* (75)

Aircraft 865 (364*)

Artillery 3,925 (120)

Ground Vehicles 10,219 (923)

Guided Munitions 19,336* (1,169)

Personnel 889,300 (0)

Ships 210 (18)