Turkey

The modern republic of Turkey was founded by Mustafa Kamal Attaturk in 1923, in the wake of World War I. Turkey, however, subsequently struggled with periods of instability due to military coups that occurred in 1960, 1971, 1974 and 1980. The Islamist government today, led by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, successfully consolidated political power and purged the military of its top ranks, virtually ensuring against future military coups. The Turkish government faced significant domestic unrest in the summer of 2013, but it does not appear to be in danger of domestic instability. Turkey under the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is a vociferous supporter of the Palestinian terror group Hamas, currently in control of the Gaza Strip. To this end, Ankara supported the May 2010 flotilla incident, where several Turkish citizens died attempting to break Israel’s blockade of Gaza. Turkey seeks membership in the EU, but its Islamist government may prove to be an impediment. Turkey was a strong supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt before its 2013 demise. Turkey is also a leading actor in arming and organizing the Syrian opposition forces.

  • Military EXHD
    2.31% of GDP
  • Fit for Service
    35,005,326
  • Population
    81,619,392
  • GDP
    $821.8 Billion

Russia, Turkey Agree to Support Safe-Zones in Syria

The presidents of Russia and Turkey said on Wednesday they support the creation of safe-zones in war-torn Syria as a delegation of Syrian rebels walked out of cease-fire talks with the Damascus government underway in Kazakhstan, citing repeated violations of a similar truce agreed on in December. Meeting in the Russian resort town of Sochi, […]

Pentagon: Turkish Airstrikes Put US Forces at Risk

Airstrikes launched by Turkish warplanes on Tuesday that killed U.S. Kurdish allies in Iraq and Syria were described as “unsafe,” according to Air Force Col. John Dorrian, the spokesman for Operation Inherent Resolve. Officials in Baghdad claim Turkey provided less than an hour notification to coalition forces before launching strikes against Kurdish positions in Sinjar, Iraq, and […]

Turkey Ends ‘Shield’ Military Operation in Syria, PM Says

Turkey has ended the “Euphrates Shield” military operation it launched in Syria last August, Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said on Wednesday, but suggested there might be more cross-border campaigns to come. Turkey sent troops, tanks and warplanes to support Free Syrian Army (FSA) rebels, push Islamic State fighters away from its border and stop the […]

Rival Groups Race for Control of Syria’s Raqqa

A major battle to liberate the Islamic State group’s stronghold of Raqqa in northern Syria is looming, with U.S. officials looking to build on momentum from victories on the battlefields of Mosul in Iraq. The Pentagon has drawn up a secret plan to do that, likely leaning on local allies with stepped-up American support. The […]

Turkey Says U.S. Not Insisting on Kurdish Role in Raqqa Operation

Turkey’s defense minister said on Thursday the new U.S. administration has a more flexible approach to Syria and is not insisting on the Kurdish YPG militia being involved in the operation to drive Islamic State from its Raqqa stronghold. U.S. support for the Syrian Democratic Forces, an alliance dominated by the YPG, has caused tensions […]

Erdogan Says End Goal of Turkish Operation in Syria is Raqqa

President Tayyip Erdogan said on Sunday the final goal of a Turkish incursion into Syria was not just to retake the city of al-Bab from Islamic State, but to cleanse a border region including Raqqa of the jihadists. Turkish-backed Syrian rebels are pressing a major offensive on al-Bab, 30 km (20 miles) south of the […]

Russia Halted Syrian Army, Rebel Clash in Northern Syria: Sources

Russia intervened to halt a clash between Syrian government forces and Turkey-backed Syrian rebels in northern Syria, sources on both sides said on Friday, the first confrontation between them as both sides fight Islamic State in the area. Islamic State is under attack from separate campaigns in northern Syria by Russian-backed government forces and Turkey-backed […]

Turkey’s Syria Offensive Stalls at Flashpoint Town

Turkey is enduring the biggest challenge of a five-month military campaign inside Syria as it battles to capture the town of Al-Bab from Islamic State (IS) jihadists, taking heavy casualties and testing an army stretched by post-coup purges. The ambitious “Euphrates Shield” operation — with Turkish forces backing pro-Ankara Syrian rebels in an unprecedented incursion […]

Category Name
QME

Active Armaments
On Order
Air Defense Systems 1,903* (75)

Aircraft 865 (364*)

Artillery 3,925 (120)

Ground Vehicles 10,219 (923)

Guided Munitions 19,336* (1,169)

Personnel 889,300 (0)

Ships 210 (18)