Palestinian Authority

Formed in 1994 as part of the Oslo Accords, the PA, heavily backed by the European Union (EU) and the U.S., is currently negotiating its final status with the goal of breaking free of Israeli control and establishing independence. Initially comprised of two territories – the West Bank and Gaza Strip – the PA was halved in 2007, when Hamas conquered the Gaza Strip. Today, PA, whose dominant political faction Fatah has faced seemingly endless allegations of corruption, currently controls only portions of the West Bank, while Hamas maintains control of Gaza. The two primary Palestinian factions have longed talked about forming a unified government; however, no deal has been reached. Various Palestinian factions have launched attacks sporadically at Israel over the years, with concerted campaigns of violence against Israel during the intifadas (uprisings) of 1987-1991 and 2000-2005. In recent years, most of the violence from the Palestinian territories has been limited to rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip, which Israel has tried to defend against via military operations such as Operation Cast Lead and Operation Pillar of Defense.

  • Fit for Service
  • Population

In Israeli Military, Guarded Optimism for 2017

While war will continue to rage in much of the region writ large, Israeli military forecasts for 2017 are cautiously optimistic that the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) may get through the year that began Sunday without having to wage major combat operations. “The probability for war in 2017, generally speaking, is low,” a senior defense […]

Palestinian Security Forces Receive Al-Jawad Vehicles

The Palestinian Authority’s (PA’s) Ministry of Interior has received its first armoured vehicles in the form of six Al-Jawad security vehicles, PA security sources told IHS Jane’s on 12 December. Based on the Ford F-550 chassis, the Al-Jawad is made by Jordan’s King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau (KADDB) and will be used by […]

IDF Recommends Israel Bolster Palestinian Authority to Prevent Further Security Deterioration

The IDF has recommended the government take a series of steps to strengthen the Palestinian Authority and its security forces, which the defense establishment perceives as a moderating influence, as a way to help prevent further deterioration of the security situation in the West Bank and Israel. Recommendations included enabling PA security forces to acquire […]

Israeli-Palestinian Clashes Persist as Diplomats Push for Peace

Stone-throwing Palestinians clashed with Israeli soldiers in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and in the Gaza Strip during “Day of Rage” protests on Friday while diplomats tried to end more than three weeks of bloodshed. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said he was cautiously optimistic there was a way to defuse tensions after holding four […]

Israel on High Alert as Violence Spreads to Gaza Border

Palestinians carried out three stabbings Monday in Jerusalem, leaving a teenage Israeli boy in critical condition, and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu angrily accused the country’s Arab leaders of helping incite weeks of violence. Two of the attackers, both teenage boys, were killed. In a fiery speech at parliament, Netanyahu accused Arab parties of “undermining” the […]

Egypt Could Send Troops to a Palestinian State to Help Out: paper

Egypt would be ready to lend a hand in securing a future Palestinian state by sending in troops that could help out local police and offer Israel security guarantees, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said in a newspaper interview. Sisi, who is visiting Italy and France this week, told Italian daily Corriere della Sera the creation of a Palestinian state was the […]

Washington’s Bad Military Bets in the Middle East

Last month, the Houthis took over Yemen, delivering a blow to Washington’s counterterrorism strategy, which held out Yemen as one of the few bright spots in an otherwise chaotic Middle East. Adding insult to injury, as Washington took steps to shutter its embassy earlier this month, the Houthis took all U.S. embassy vehicles parked at […]

S. 2165, the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012

S. 2165, the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012, was the pronouncement of a deep understanding between the two countries mutual security and stability concerns. Israel is the United States’ most significant security partner and America’s most valuable ally in the Middle East. Israel’s military strength and central geo-strategic location provide a strong deterrent against Iran, Syria and other radical forces opposed to the United States. As such, the legislation reaffirms the enduring commitment of the United States to Israel’s inherent right to self-defense by encouraging further cooperation between the two countries on matters of homeland security, missile defense, intelligence, and cyber-security.

On political and diplomatic issues, this law confirms America’s unwavering commitment to Israel’s existence as a Jewish state. As Section 3 of the law clarifies, it is the policy of the United States to veto any one-sided anti-Israel resolutions at the United Nations Security Council while encouraging Israel’s neighbors to recognize Israel’s inherent right to exist as a Jewish States. The United States government will also encourage further development of advanced technology programs between the two countries, and concurrently assist Israel in advancing a peaceful negotiated settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

In support of this policy, the legislation further clarified U.S. policy and called for the U.S. government to take several considerable actions to bolster Israel’s qualitative military advantage:

  • Provide Israel support as necessary to increase development and production of joint missile defense systems
  • Provide assistance specifically for the production and procurement of the Iron Dome anti-missile defense system
  • Provide Israel with improved defense services, including air refueling tankers, missile defense capabilities and specialized munitions
  • Allocate additional weaponry and munitions for the forward-deployed United States stockpile in Israel
  • Provide additional surplus defense articles in relation to the United States’ withdrawal from Iraq
  • Offer additional training and exercise opportunities for the Israeli Air Force
  • Expand Israel’s authority to make purchases under the Foreign Military Financing program.
  • Encourage an expanded role for Israel in NATO, politically and militarily
  • Expand intelligence sharing and cooperation between the two countries
  • Assess how to improve the cost-efficiency and purchasing process for Israel’s procurement of F-35 aircraft.


S. 2165, the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012, was signed into law on July 27, 2012