Egypt, the most populous country in the Middle East, overthrew its monarchy in 1952 and became a republic. Initially hostile to Israel, Egypt fought a number of military engagements against its neighbor beginning in 1948. In 1979, Israel and Egypt signed a peace treaty that has withstood regional turmoil for several decades. In recent years, however, Egypt has struggled with severe instability, beginning with the ouster of longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak in 2011. In July 2013, the Muslim Brotherhood-led government of Mohammed Morsi was forcibly removed by the military, raising questions about the future trajectory of the state. Concurrently, Egypt struggles to contain the increasing jihadist presence in the Sinai Peninsula, and it is currently engaged in military operations targeting Hamas supply lines along the border of the Gaza Strip.

  • Population
  • Military EXHD
    2.2% of GDP
  • Fit for Service
  • GDP
    $262 Billion

Lockheed Martin Awarded $332 Million to Provide Apache Targeting Sensor Technical Services to Egypt, UAE, Others

Lockheed Martin, Orlando, Florida, was awarded a $332,136,017 firm-fixed-price foreign military sales (United Kingdom, Egypt, India, Korea, Republic of Indonesia, Taiwan, Netherlands, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Poland) contract for Modernized Target Acquisition Designation Sight/Pilot Night Vision Sensor System, subcomponent production, and technical services for the Apache attack helicopter. One bid was solicited and […]

US, Egypt Commence Exercise Eagle Salute 2017

The U.S. Navy with the Egyptian Naval Forces commenced exercise Eagle Salute 2017 in the Red Sea, April 23. Eagle Salute 2017 incorporates Eagle Response 2017, an explosive ordnance exercise, to provide opportunities for participating nations to collaborate on an even wider range of maritime security operations. These exercises focus on sharing knowledge and experiences […]

First Egyptian Type 209 Sub Arrives in Alexandria

The Egyptian Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 19 April that the first of its Type 209/1400 diesel-electric attack submarines had arrived from Germany. In the process it revealed that a new covered submarine shelter has been constructed at the main naval base in Alexandria. Named S 41 (861), the submarine was built by ThyssenKrupp […]

Pentagon Chief: US Committed to Helping Egypt Combat ISIS

Defense Secretary Jim Mattis vowed Thursday that the United States will aid Egypt in its battle against terrorism, pledging to strengthen the military bond between the two countries strained during Barack Obama’s administration. “We agreed on the need for a renewed and strong security partnership, as the new administration comes in,” Mattis said of his […]

Egypt Receives Third Batch of Rafale Warplanes

Egypt on Wednesday received the third batch of Rafale warplanes from France as part of a 5.2 billion euro ($5.5 billion) contract signed in 2015. Cairo has sought to boost its military power in the face of years of insurgency in northern Sinai and fears the conflict in neighboring Libya could spill over. The deal […]

The Saudi-led Coalition Is Not Ready to Fight the Islamic State

President Barack Obama and Defense Secretary Ashton Carter visited Saudi Arabia last week hoping to reassure nervous Gulf allies that American security commitments remain in force in the wake of last year’s Iran nuclear deal. In exchange, the White House was hoping to encourage the Gulf states to play a more active role in the […]

The Mideast’s Precision Guided Arms Race

Precision guided munitions (PGMs) encompass a growing range of bombs and missiles designed to destroy targets on land, at sea, or in the air. While platforms like fighters, armored vehicles, and warships often receive more attention, their lethality is almost negligible if not bolstered by advanced munitions. With minor updates, today’s PGMs allow even older […]

Israel Bolsters Its Sinai Border Amid ISIS Threats

Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi released an audio message this weekend threatening Israel with a devastating attack. The message was Baghdadi’s most direct warning yet against the Jewish state, but one that will not have come as a surprise in Jerusalem. Israel deems the group’s branch in Egypt’s neighboring Sinai Peninsula its most effective […]

Containment: The Gulf States’ Game Plan for Yemen

The Saudi-led international coalition operating in Yemen announced late last month it had ended the first phase of its nearly month-long campaign in the country. Though the coalition fell short of its stated goal of returning Yemen’s internationally recognized government to power, it insists that in removing the threat of spillover to Yemen’s neighbors, it […]

An Edge in the Desert

Weapons are pouring into the Middle East at an unprecedented rate. The Pentagon recently announced that it would sell six tilt-rotor Osprey aircraft to Israel for $1.3 billion, American hardware (including Apache helicopters) is being rushed to the Iraqi government to help in its battle against al Qaeda, and Washington has also restored military aid to Egypt after a brief hiatus. But Uncle […]

Category Name

Active Armaments
On Order
Air Defense Systems 3,104* (22)

Aircraft 841* (126)

Artillery 3,851 (0)

Ground Vehicles 8,753* (814*)

Guided Munitions 16,584* (2,715)

Personnel 917,500 (0)

Ships 160 (12)