Egypt has acquired new or upgraded versions of its Russian-made Buk medium-range and Tor short-range surface-to-air missiles systems, a video of a recent air defence exercise that the Ministry of Defence released on 2 November has revealed.

The video shows what looks like a Buk-M2 transporter erector launcher and radar (TELAR) vehicle. Previously, Egypt had the Buk-M1-2 system, which has a TELAR with a mechanically scanned ‘Fire Dome’ radar that looked identical to the one used with the Buk-M1 system, but fired the new 9M317 missile. The Buk-M2 also uses the 9M317 missile, but its TELAR has a new phased-array radar.

According to its manufacturer, Almaz Antey, the Buk-M2 can simultaneously engage four times the number of targets than the Buk-M1-2. […]