Type 63 (YW 531)

Operator: North Korea
Status: In Service
Number: <500
Cost: Unknown
Acquired: 1972-1992
General Specs
Country of origin: China
Class: Armored personnel carrier
Manufacturer: NORINCO
Introduced: Late 1960s
Combat Weight (tons): 13.9 US tons (12.6 metric tons)
Length (m): 18 ft (5.5 m)
Width (m): 9.8 ft (3 m)
Height (m): 6.2 ft (1.9 m)
Range (km): 310.7 miles (500 km)
Engine: BF8L 41 3F 4-cycle turbocharged, V-8 diesel (320 hp)
Road Speed (km/h): 40.4 mph (65 km/h)
Offroad Speed (km/h): Unknown
Fording: Amphibious
Water Speed (km/h): 3.7 mph (6 km/h)
Crew: 2 crew + 13 troops
Armor 10mm steel
NBC Protection None
Nightvision None
Main Armament: 1 x 12.7mm machine gun (1,120 rounds)
Secondary Armament: None
Radar/Sensors: None
Variants: WZ 701 – command vehicle with higher roof line
YW 304 – 82mm mortar carrier
YW 381 – 120MM mortar carrier
YZ 750 – Armored ambulance
Type 54-1 122mm self-propelled howitzer
Type 70 130mm self-propelled rocket launcher
Countermeasures/ Defenses: None
Notes: HJ-8 Red Arrow anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) can be mounted on roof
The North Korean VTT-323 Sinhung is based on the YW 531


  • Christopher F. Foss, Jane’s Tanks and Combat Vehicles Recognition Guide, (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2000) page 138.
  • Type 63 YW-531 Armored Personnel Carrier,” Federation of American Scientist, June 19, 1999.
  • Trade Registers,” Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Accessed July 11, 2016.