9K330 Tor-M1 (SA-15 Gauntlet)

Operator: Iran Egypt
Status: In Service In Service
Number: 29 8
Cost: $700 million Unknown
Acquired: 2006-2007 2005-2011
General Specs:
Country of origin: Russia
Manufacturer: Almaz-Antey
Introduced: 1990
Class: Short-ranged surface-to-air missile system
Range: 0.6-7.5 miles (1-12 km)
Altitude: 32,808 ft (10,000 m)
Warhead: Frag-high explosive (HE)
Speed: 1,565.9 mph (700 m/s)
Missile Weight: 368.2 lbs (167 kg)
Missile Length: 9.5 ft (2.9 m)
Missile Diameter: 9.3 inch (23.5 cm)
Propellant: Single-stage solid
Guidance System: Command guidance
Accuracy: Unknown
Missiles: 9M331
System Weight: 74,957.2 lbs (34 metric tons)
System Length: 24.6 ft (7.5 m)
System Width: 10.8 ft (3.3 m)
Radar(s): Target Acquisition: H-band doppler with 25 km range
Target tracking and guidance: Phased array K-band doppler with 25 km range
Command and Control: N/A
Launch Platform: 9A331 transporter erector launcher and radar (TELAR)
Operators (crew): 3
Notes: Designed to intercept high performance aircraft, helicopters, drones, cruise missiles, and precision guided munitions


  • Tor-M1 ADMC – The Main Products for Military Use.” Almaz-Antey. Accessed January 11, 2016.
  • Training and Doctrine Command DCSINT Threat Directorate, “Worldwide Equipment Guide,” United States Army, 1997, Page 7-13.
  • Trade Registers,” Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Accessed January 11, 2016.

Iran Hopes to Receive Russian S-300 Air Defense Systems in 2015

Tehran hopes to receive deliveries of the Russian S-300 air defense systems in 2015, Iranian Ambassador to Russia Mehdi Sanaei said Tuesday. “I hope that our Russian friends will deliver this defense system to Iran in 2015,” Sanaei said during a press conference in Moscow. Russia agreed in 2007 to deliver five S-300 surface-to-air missile defense systems. Russia suspended the contract in 2010 following a UN Security […]

Russia in Talks With Iran on Tor-M1 Missile System Modernization

Russia’s Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant Kupol is in talks with Iran on modernizing the short range Tor-M1 (SA-15 Gauntlet) surface-to-air missile defense systems, the plant’s assistant director general told RIA Novosti Thursday. “Iran has been operating a large number of our Tor-M1s. We [Iran and Russia] are holding talks about a possible modernization of the Tor-M1. We provide [Iran] with spare parts and […]

Egypt Reveals Air Defence Upgrades

Egypt has acquired new or upgraded versions of its Russian-made Buk medium-range and Tor short-range surface-to-air missiles systems, a video of a recent air defence exercise that the Ministry of Defence released on 2 November has revealed. The video shows what looks like a Buk-M2 transporter erector launcher and radar (TELAR) vehicle. Previously, Egypt had […]

Putin’s S-400 Power-Play in Syria

Russia is upping the ante in the Eastern Mediterranean in response to the downing of its fighter jet by Turkish F-16s last week. Russian President Vladimir Putin has deployed S-400 air-defense missiles in Syria and expanded fighter escorts for bombing operations. While Moscow has predicated its intervention in Syria on supporting the Bashar al-Assad regime’s […]

Russian Forces Shield Hezbollah’s Arms Supply From Israeli Strikes

The sudden appearance of Russian forces in Syria in recent weeks is raising concerns about inadvertent conflicts with the U.S.-led coalition. But while much of the spotlight may be on Russian President Vladimir Putin’s bid to prop up the Assad regime and the escalating diplomatic tensions with Washington, Russia’s gambit presents a challenge for another […]

Making Sense of Iranian S-300s

Iran has a long history of disrupting maritime traffic in the Strait of Hormuz and Persian Gulf, but should a recently resurrected deal between Russia and Iran for the S-300 surface-to-air missile (SAM) bear fruit, Tehran could soon project the same hostility into the skies. Despite assurances from Russia’s Foreign Minister that “[t]he S-300 is exclusively […]