Operator: Status: Number: Cost: Acquired:
Algeria In Service / Being Upgraded* 400 / 360 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1963-1982
Egypt In Service ~220 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1973-1974
Iran In Service >300 Unknown – from the Soviet Union and second-hand from Syria 1982-1989
Iraq In Service / Undergoing Delivery ~370 / ~240 Unknown – originally acquired from the Soviet Union. Refurbished second-hand vehicles are being supplied from the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, and Greece starting in 2005. 1974-
ISIS In Service Few dozen Seized from Syrian and Iraqi forces 2014-
Kurdistan Regional Government In Service ~20 Unknown – from Iraqi Army inventory Post-2003
Libya In Service <100 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1979-1982
North Korea In Service <200 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1977-1989
Syria In Service <1000 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1972-1982
Yemen In Service <140 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1983-1986
General Specs
Country of origin: Soviet Union
Class: Infantry fighting vehicle
Manufacturer: Kurganmashzavod – also produced in Czechoslovakia, India, and China (no longer in production)
Introduced: Early 1960s
Combat Weight (tons): 14.9 US tons (13.5 metric tons)
Length (m): 22 ft (6.7 m)
Width (m): 9.5 ft (2.9 m)
Height (m): 7.2 ft (2.2 m)
Range (km): 372.8 miles (600 km)
Engine: Type UTD-20 6-cylinder in-line water-cooled diesel (300 hp)
Road Speed (km/h): 40.4 mph (65 km/h)
Offroad Speed (km/h): Unknown
Fording: Amphibious
Water Speed (km/h): 4.3 mph (7 km/h)
Crew: 3 crew + 8 troops
Armor 33mm steel (max)
NBC Protection Yes
Nightvision Yes – Infrared
Main Armament: 1 x 73mm 2A28 smoothbore gun (40 rounds)
Secondary Armament: 1 x AT-3 Sagger anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) launcher (5 missiles)
1 x 7.62mm coaxial PKT machine gun (2,000 rounds)
Radar/Sensors: None
Variants: BMP-1P – Sagger missile replaced with AT-4 Spigot ATGM
BRM-1K – basic reconnaissance
BREM-1 and BREM-4 – recovery vehicles
BMP-IKShM – unarmed command vehicle
BMP-POO – armored ambulance with raised roof
BMP-1G – export version with Sagger missile replaced with AT-5 Spandrel ATGM and 30mm AG-17 grenade launcher
Countermeasures/ Defenses: Engine produces smoke, later models include 6 x 81mm smoke grenade launchers
Notes: ISIS frequently uses BMP-1s as armored vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (VB-IEDs)
*Algeria’s BMP-1s are undergoing upgrade to include 4 x Kornet-E ATGMs, 1 x AGS-30 30mm automatic grenade launcher, 1 x 30mm 2A42 main gun, and 1 x 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun – sharing many of the same weapon systems as the BMP-2 IFV.
The Chinese version is known as the WZ 501, the Polish version is know as the BWP, and the Czech version is known as the BVP-1.


  • Christopher F. Foss, Jane’s Tanks and Combat Vehicles Recognition Guide, (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2000) page 174-175.
  • Training and Doctrine Command DCSINT Threat Directorate, “Worldwide Equipment Guide,” United States Army, 1997, Page 2-21 and 4-22.
  • Jiri Kominek, “Iraq receives more T-72s, BMP-1s,” IHS Jane’s, December 18, 2015.
  • Algeria to get another 360 Upgraded BMPs,” IHS Jane’s, April 8, 2015.
  • Trade Registers,” Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Accessed July 11, 2016.

Iraq Receives More T-72s, BMP-1s

The Iraqi Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 16 December that it had received a consignment of tanks, armoured vehicles, and ammunition from Bulgaria. It provided no further details. The announcement came after photographs began circulating on social media showing a T-72 tank and as many as 12 BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) that had […]

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