Arrow 3

Operator: Israel
Status: Initial operational capability
Number: Unknown
Cost: $2-3 million per interceptor ($449.336 million provided by the U.S. for development since 2008)
Acquired: January 2017
General Specs:
Country of origin: Israel with development and funding support from the United States
Manufacturer: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and Boeing
Introduced: End of 2016 (first successful test February 2013)
Class: Exoatmospheric missile defense system
Range: 155.3 miles (250 km)
Altitude: 62 miles (100 km) – Exoatmospheric
Warhead: Highly maneuverable hit-to-kill exoatmospheric kill vehicle (EKV)
Speed: Hypersonic (Mach 5+)
Weight: Unknown
Length: 18.4 ft (5.6 m)
Diameter: 1.8 ft (0.55 m)
Propellant: Two-stage solid rocket
Guidance System: Long-range high-resolution electro-optical sensor with proportional navigation
Command and Control System: Citron Tree Battle Management System
Hazelnut Tree Launcher Control Center
Missiles: Two-stage interceptor with EKV
Radar(s): ELM-2080S Super Green Pine L-band active electronic scanned array (AESA) (500-560 mile detection range)
Launch Platform: Trailer based launcher with as many as 6 missiles each
Operators (crew): Unknown
Notes: Intended to provide Israel’s upper-tier missile defense layer
Capable of downing satellites
EKV acts as a kamikaze satellite


Israel’s Multilayer Defense System Nears Completion

A joint U.S.-Israel missile interceptor will be operational in early April, completing Israel’s multilayer defense system, a senior Israeli Air Force official said Monday. David’s Sling is meant to counter medium-range missiles possessed by Iranian-backed Hezbollah militants in Lebanon. When the interceptor becomes operational, it will mark the completion of the multilayer system. That includes […]

Israeli Air Force Deploys Operational Arrow-3 Missile Defense

The Israeli Air Force declared initial operational capability on Wednesday of the Arrow-3 intercepting system, the nation’s newest, upper-tier layer of a multi-tiered defense network against ballistic missiles. The Arrow-3 interceptor, part of the joint US-Israel Arrow Weapon System (AWS), was delivered into Air Force hands in ceremonies today attended by MoD developers and defense […]

Congress Okays $600m for Israel Missile Defense

A day ahead of a government shutdown deadline, Congress scrambled on Thursday to wrap-up unfinished business, voting decisively to send President Barack Obama a defense policy bill, including more than $600 million for missile defense cooperation with Israel. The Senate passed the defense legislation by a wide margin, 92-7, a week after the House overwhelmingly […]

New U.S. Defense Bill Includes $600 Million in Aid for Israel

A number of measures for Israel have been attached to a defense spending bill approved in the U.S. House of Representatives, including $600 million in missile defense cooperation. The American Israel Public Affairs Committee on Thursday welcomed the missile defense component of National Defense Authorization Act, the bill that outlines defense spending policies. The spending […]

US Lawmakers Again Seek To Boost Israeli Missile Defense Funding

Another bipartisan push is afoot by US lawmakers to bolster funding for Israel’s missile defense beyond what is requested by the president in the fiscal 2017 defense budget. While several influential lawmakers are calling for added funding for such US-Israeli partnership efforts like the Iron Dome air defense system, David’s Sling, a medium- and long-range air defense system, and […]

Israel to Launch One of the Most Advanced Missile Defense Systems in the World, with U.S. Help

A joint exercise now being conducted between thousands of Israeli troops and the U.S. European Command represents a final test before Israel begins to deploy one of the most sophisticated missile defense systems in the world. When it is complete, Israel’s multibillion-dollar rocket and missile air defense system will be far superior to anything in […]

Israel to Have Final Tier of Multilayered Ballistic Missile Defense in Place By 2017

Israel’s Arrow 3 ballistic missile defence system is “very close” to being operational, a senior Israel Air Force (IAF) officer said on 25 February. The successful Arrow 3 interception test carried out in December 2015 has brought forward the system’s initial operating capability date, which is now expected before the end of 2016, the source […]

Congressional Spending Bill Includes $3.1 Billion in Foreign Aid to Israel

Congress on Friday passed an omnibus spending measure that appropriates $487 million for US-Israel missile defense programs and $40 million for a new US-Israel tunnel detection program, earning accolades from the pro-Israel American Israel Public Affairs Committee. This year’s package, however, allocates $132 million less to Israeli missile defense than last year’s, as the US […]

US-Israel Arrow-3 Intercepts Target in Space

The US-Israel Arrow Weapon System (AWS) and its Upper-Tier Arrow-3 missile scored its first intercept Thursday in a complex test designed to validate how the system can detect, identify, track and then discriminate real from decoy targets traveling quickly through space. The milestone test, conducted over the Mediterranean Sea, paves the way toward low-rate initial […]

S.2943 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017

S.2943 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 – Passed both Houses of Congress on December 8, 2016. Within the law several sections authorize military assistance to Israel, including:

  • SEC. 1250. UNITED STATES-ISRAEL DIRECTED ENERGY COOPERATION.(a) Authority To Establish Directed Energy Capabilities Program With Israel.—(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary of Defense, upon the request of the Ministry of Defense of Israel, and with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, may carry out research, development, test, and evaluation activities, on a joint basis with Israel, to establish directed energy capabilities to detect and defeat ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, mortars, and improvised explosive devices that threaten the United States, deployed forces of the United States, or Israel. Any activities carried out pursuant to such authority shall be conducted in a manner that appropriately protects sensitive information and the national security interests of the United States and Israel. Continue reading “S.2943 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017” »

S.1356 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016

S.1356 – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 – Signed into law on November 5, 2015. Within the law several sections authorize military assistance to Israel, including:

  • (Sec. 1279) Authorizes DOD to carry out research, development, test, and evaluation jointly with Israel to establish anti-tunnel capabilities to detect, map, and neutralize underground tunnels that threaten the United States or Israel. Requires DOD, prior to carrying out the activities, to submit a report and certification to Congress regarding a memorandum of agreement between the United States and Israel addressing the sharing of costs, a framework for negotiating the rights to intellectual property developed, and reports on expenditures. Authorizes DOD to provide procurement, maintenance, and sustainment assistance to Israel in support of the anti-tunnel capabilities research, development, test, and evaluation activities authorized in this section if Israel matches the contribution. Requires DOD to designate a research and development entity of a military department as the lead agency in carrying out this section.
  • (Sec. 1678) Authorizes appropriations to be provided to Israel for the Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system. Requires the funds to be subject to the “Agreement Between the Department of Defense of the United States of America and the Ministry of Defense of the State of Israel Concerning Iron Dome Defense System Procurement.” Requires DOD to submit to Congress prior to obligating funds: (1) a certification that the Agreement is being successfully implemented, and (2) an assessment of risks relating to the implementation of the Agreement.
  • (Sec. 1679) Authorizes appropriations for procurement and coproduction of the Israeli David’s Sling Weapons System and the Arrow 3 Upper Tier missile defense system, subject to specified terms and conditions.