S. 2165, the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012, was the pronouncement of a deep understanding between the two countries mutual security and stability concerns. Israel is the United States’ most significant security partner and America’s most valuable ally in the Middle East. Israel’s military strength and central geo-strategic location provide a strong deterrent against Iran, Syria and other radical forces opposed to the United States. As such, the legislation reaffirms the enduring commitment of the United States to Israel’s inherent right to self-defense by encouraging further cooperation between the two countries on matters of homeland security, missile defense, intelligence, and cyber-security.

On political and diplomatic issues, this law confirms America’s unwavering commitment to Israel’s existence as a Jewish state. As Section 3 of the law clarifies, it is the policy of the United States to veto any one-sided anti-Israel resolutions at the United Nations Security Council while encouraging Israel’s neighbors to recognize Israel’s inherent right to exist as a Jewish States. The United States government will also encourage further development of advanced technology programs between the two countries, and concurrently assist Israel in advancing a peaceful negotiated settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

In support of this policy, the legislation further clarified U.S. policy and called for the U.S. government to take several considerable actions to bolster Israel’s qualitative military advantage:

  • Provide Israel support as necessary to increase development and production of joint missile defense systems
  • Provide assistance specifically for the production and procurement of the Iron Dome anti-missile defense system
  • Provide Israel with improved defense services, including air refueling tankers, missile defense capabilities and specialized munitions
  • Allocate additional weaponry and munitions for the forward-deployed United States stockpile in Israel
  • Provide additional surplus defense articles in relation to the United States’ withdrawal from Iraq
  • Offer additional training and exercise opportunities for the Israeli Air Force
  • Expand Israel’s authority to make purchases under the Foreign Military Financing program.
  • Encourage an expanded role for Israel in NATO, politically and militarily
  • Expand intelligence sharing and cooperation between the two countries
  • Assess how to improve the cost-efficiency and purchasing process for Israel’s procurement of F-35 aircraft.


S. 2165, the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012, was signed into law on July 27, 2012