Turkey

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The modern republic of Turkey was founded by Mustafa Kamal Attaturk in 1923, in the wake of World War I. Turkey, however, subsequently struggled with periods of instability due to military coups that occurred in 1960, 1971, 1974 and 1980. The Islamist government today, led by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, successfully consolidated political power and purged the military of its top ranks, virtually ensuring against future military coups. The Turkish government faced significant domestic unrest in the summer of 2013, but it does not appear to be in danger of domestic instability. Turkey under the Justice and Development Party (AKP) is a vociferous supporter of the Palestinian terror group Hamas, currently in control of the Gaza Strip. To this end, Ankara supported the May 2010 flotilla incident, where several Turkish citizens died attempting to break Israel’s blockade of Gaza. Turkey seeks membership in the EU, but its Islamist government may prove to be an impediment. Turkey was a strong supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt before its 2013 demise. Turkey is also a leading actor in arming and organizing the Syrian opposition forces.

  • Military EXHD
    2.31% of GDP
  • Fit for Service
    35,005,326
  • Population
    81,619,392
  • GDP
    $821.8 Billion
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Rheinmetall Fails to Get Clearance for Turkey Export Contracts

Germany is banning defense contractor Rheinmetall from shipping some products to Turkey amid a row over campaign appearances by Turkish officials to drum up support for a referendum that could boost President Tayyip Erdogan’s powers. “The German government is currently denying clearance for some export contracts”, Rheinmetall Chief Executive Armin Papperger told reporters on Thursday […]

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Turkey Seeks Russian Loan to Buy S-400 Systems

Turkey has announced its wish to obtain Russia’s loan to buy weapons, including S-400 (NATO reporting name: SA-21 Growler) air defense missile systems, Rostec state corporation CEO Sergey Chemezov told the Rossiya-24 TV channel on Tuesday. “They have voiced their wish to get a loan, but now the issue has not been solved. The Finance […]

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Turkey’s Korkut SPAAG System Enters Production

Following successful qualification trials of the Turkish Land Forces Command (TLFC) Korkut twin 35 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG) system a production order for an undisclosed number of systems has been placed with Aselsan. While the qualification trials were carried out with two Korkut twin 35 mm SPAAGs and one command-and-control (C2) system, the TLFC […]

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Rival Groups Race for Control of Syria’s Raqqa

A major battle to liberate the Islamic State group’s stronghold of Raqqa in northern Syria is looming, with U.S. officials looking to build on momentum from victories on the battlefields of Mosul in Iraq. The Pentagon has drawn up a secret plan to do that, likely leaning on local allies with stepped-up American support. The […]

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Turkey Says U.S. Not Insisting on Kurdish Role in Raqqa Operation

Turkey’s defense minister said on Thursday the new U.S. administration has a more flexible approach to Syria and is not insisting on the Kurdish YPG militia being involved in the operation to drive Islamic State from its Raqqa stronghold. U.S. support for the Syrian Democratic Forces, an alliance dominated by the YPG, has caused tensions […]

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Boeing Awarded $12 Million to Provide Harpoon and SLAM-ER Missile Parts to the U.S. Navy, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Others

The Boeing Co., St. Louis, Missouri, is being awarded a $12,399,305 firm-fixed-price contract for the procurement of spares in support of Harpoon and Stand-Off Land Attack Missile-Expanded Response (SLAM-ER) for the Navy (83); and the governments of Saudi Arabia (143), Australia (5,734), Canada (50), Japan (96), Malaysia (17), Turkey (11), India (24), Taiwan (3), and […]

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Erdogan Says End Goal of Turkish Operation in Syria is Raqqa

President Tayyip Erdogan said on Sunday the final goal of a Turkish incursion into Syria was not just to retake the city of al-Bab from Islamic State, but to cleanse a border region including Raqqa of the jihadists. Turkish-backed Syrian rebels are pressing a major offensive on al-Bab, 30 km (20 miles) south of the […]

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Covering the Bases: Reassessing U.S. Military Deployments in Turkey After the July 2016 Coup d’État

Download the full report here (PDF). The Republic of Turkey has been a reliable staging point for U.S. forces for more than six decades. Turkish bases have historically provided the U.S. military easy access to multiple theaters without having to build new infrastructure or forge new agreements. Today, American forces in Turkey are targeting the […]

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The Saudi-led Coalition Is Not Ready to Fight the Islamic State

President Barack Obama and Defense Secretary Ashton Carter visited Saudi Arabia last week hoping to reassure nervous Gulf allies that American security commitments remain in force in the wake of last year’s Iran nuclear deal. In exchange, the White House was hoping to encourage the Gulf states to play a more active role in the […]

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Putin’s Belligerence Reaches a Tipping Point

Turkey shot down a Russian fighter jet today after it violated the country’s airspace. The Turkish military claims it issued ten warnings before shooting down the aircraft, while Russia denies any breach of Turkish territory. The incident marks the most serious direct confrontation between a NATO member and Russia in half a century. Russian President […]

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Russian Forays Into Turkish Airspace Challenge Ankara’s Syria Policy… And NATO

Russian warplanes entered Turkish airspace from Syria twice over the weekend, sending Turkish F-16s scrambling. In separate incidents on Monday, a Russian-made Syrian MiG-29 jet placed two Turkish F-16s patrolling the border under radar lock for several minutes. Later that day, Syrian surface-to-air missile batteries locked on to another flight of Turkish F-16s. The incidents […]

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Should the U.S. Continue to Use Incirlik?

Turkey’s cabinet announced July 29 that the United States and coalition members targeting the Islamic State (ISIS) would be permitted to fly combat missions from Incirlik air base in south Turkey. This U.S.-Turkish facility is well positioned near the Syrian front, and offers the coalition greater tactical flexibility. It could certainly help in the effort, as […]

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The Folly of Turkey’s Syrian Buffer Zone Plan

Ankara raised the prospect last weekend of a military operation to create a buffer zone along its Syrian frontier. While Turkey is officially part of a 60-nation coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), this military initiative would instead be focused on a different threat: the Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (PYD) in Syria. […]

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An Edge in the Desert

Weapons are pouring into the Middle East at an unprecedented rate. The Pentagon recently announced that it would sell six tilt-rotor Osprey aircraft to Israel for $1.3 billion, American hardware (including Apache helicopters) is being rushed to the Iraqi government to help in its battle against al Qaeda, and Washington has also restored military aid to Egypt after a brief hiatus. But Uncle […]

Category Name
QME

Active Armaments
On Order
Air Defense Systems 1,903* (75)

Aircraft 880 (364*)

Artillery 3,925 (120)

Ground Vehicles 10,229 (923)

Guided Munitions 19,336* (1,169)

Personnel 889,300 (0)

Ships 166 (14)