Hamas

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Hamas, also known as Harakat al Muqawama al Islamiyya, or the Islamic Resistance Movement, is a Palestinian terrorist group established in 1987 in the Gaza Strip. Since its inception, the group has rejected Israel’s right to exist, and has been at the forefront of Palestinian terrorist attacks against Israelis. In 2007, Hamas forcibly took control of the Gaza Strip from the Fatah-led Palestinian Authority (PA). Since then, the group, which receives support from Qatar, Turkey and Iran, has fought several wars with Israel, most notably in December 2008, and November 2012. Since 2001, according to the group’s own website, Hamas reportedly fired more than 11,000 rockets and mortars from Gaza towards Israel.

  • Fit for Service
    655,667
  • Population
    1,763,387

Hamas Infiltration Tunnels

View Gaza Incursion Tunnels in a larger map Since the start of Israel’s Operation Protective Edge on July 17, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) discovered and destroyed 32 tunnels built by the terrorist group Hamas. 14 of those tunnels are reported to have crossed into Israel from the Gaza Strip. Based on press reports and […]

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Gaza Truce Collapses, Fighting Erupts, Israel Orders Negotiators Home

A ceasefire in the Gaza Strip collapsed on Tuesday, with Palestinian militants firing dozens of rockets at Israel and Israel launching air strikes that health officials said killed three people including a woman and a young girl in Gaza. Accusing Gaza Islamists of breaking the truce, Israel promptly recalled its negotiators from talks in Cairo, leaving the fate of […]

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Israel, Palestinians Renew Truce But See Risk of More Gaza Violence

The chief Palestinian delegate to truce talks withIsrael warned on Tuesday that Gaza violence could erupt anew unless progress is made toward a lasting deal ahead of a midnight deadline in Egyptian-brokered talks. After a last-minute agreement was stuck with Israel to extend an expiring truce by 24 hours, Azzam al-Ahmad, senior leader of President Mahmoud Abbas’s mainstream […]

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Renewed Gaza Truce Holds After Rocky Start

A new, five-day truce between Israel and Hamas appeared to be holding on Thursday despite a shaky start, after both sides agreed to give Egyptian-brokered peace negotiations in Cairo more time to try to end the Gaza war. The Israeli military said Gaza militants had breached the truce by firing eight rockets at Israel shortly after midnight. In response, […]

Israel Says No Gaza Talks Progress as Hamas Warns on Truce

Wide gaps remain between Israel and the Palestinians in reaching a long-term deal on the Gaza Strip, an Israeli official said, as Hamas warned there would be no more truces beyond the one due to end midnight tomorrow. No progress has been made in the Cairo talks that resumed yesterday, according to the Israeli official, who wasn’t […]

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IDF to Test Tunnel Detection System on Gaza Border

The Israel Defense Forces in the near future will deploy a tunnel detection system on the border of the Gaza Strip, as part of an operational experiment to examine whether a technological solution could discover the digging of tunnels. According to the military, 300 million shekels ($86.5 million) were spent on research and development in […]

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Israelis, Palestinians Begin New Talks to End Gaza War

Israeli and Palestinian negotiators resumed indirect talks mediated by Egypt on Monday to end a month-old Gaza war, Egypt’s state news agency said, after a new 72-hour truce held for a day. Israeli negotiators flew in and out of Cairo on Monday, an Egyptian official said, but no details were released on the talks. Hamas is demanding […]

IDF Detail the Damage Inflicted on Gaza Militants

The Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip have suffered substantial damage and expended a significant proportion of their rocket arsenal during Operation ‘Protective Edge’, according to the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). By weakening Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), the IDF operation has reduced pressure on the Israeli government to lift the blockade of […]

H.R. 2717, the United States-Israel Missile Defense Cooperation Act of 2013

H.R. 2717, the United States-Israel Missile Defense Cooperation Act of 2013, was introduced on July 17, 2013 in order to authorize additional assistance for Israel’s Iron Dome anti-missile defense system and cooperation on the David’s Sling, Arrow, and Arrow 3 anti-missile defense systems. The legislation finds that the State of Israel is under grave threat and frequent attacks from missiles, rockets, and mortars from Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and Hezbollah—in addition to potential ballistic attacks from Iran and Syria.

“The United States-Israel missile defense cooperation dates back over two decades with great success, such as the Arrow Weapon System, which is already protecting Israel. These systems are lifesaving, war-preventing and the technologies of the cooperative programs belong to both the United States and Israel.”

As it is in the United States’ own vital national interest to ensure peace and stability in the Middle East, it should support Israel’s ability to protect itself and its civilians against missiles, rockets, and mortars. The House appreciates Israel’s indication of willingness to share the technology of the Iron Dome anti-missile defense system. Acknowledging the recent advancements and successes of the David’s Sling Weapon System, Arrow, and Arrow 3 Weapon System, this legislation authorizes the United States government to provide Israel assistance as requested for their anti-missile defense:

The President, acting through the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State, is authorized to provide assistance, upon request of the Government of Israel, for the procurement of the Iron Dome anti-rocket defense system, as well as authorization for cooperation on the development, maintenance, enhancement, and sustainment of the David’s Sling, Arrow, and Arrow 3 anti-missile defense systems, for the purposes of intercepting short-range, medium-range, and long-range rockets, missiles, and projectiles launched against Israel.

H.R. 1130, the Iron Dome Support Act

H.R. 1130, the Iron Dome Support Act, was introduced on March 13, 2013. This bill commends Israel’s use of the Iron Dome to avert escalating tension in the Middle East, as well as its high success rate. The bill acknowledges that the State of Israel remains under constant threat from missiles, rockets, and mortar shells from Hamas and Hezbollah.

This legislation will explicitly include Hamas and Hezbollah as non-state actors threatening Israel’s qualitative military edge. As a result:

The United States remains committed to Israel’s qualitative military edge, including its advantage over non-state actors such as Hezbollah and Hamas, which boast increasingly sophisticated and powerful weapons as a result of support from Iran, Syria, and other state actors.”

The Iron Dome Support Act commends Israel’s Iron Dome anti-missile defense system’s impressive success rate in preventing massive Israeli civilian casualties, while also recognizing the system’s role in averting an escalation of Israeli operations during Operation Pillar of Defense. This bill, with Congressional and Senate approval, will affirm:

“The President, acting through the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State, is authorized to provide assistance, upon request by the Government of Israel, for the procurement, maintenance, enhancement, and sustainment of the Iron Dome defense system for purposes of intercepting short-range and medium-range rockets, missiles, and projectiles launched against Israel.”

H.R. 4310, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013

H.R. 4310, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, was made a law in early 2012. This law, following a recent Israel-Hamas conflict, further expressed the United States’ support for Israel attaining additional Iron Dome batteries. Consequentially, the legislation “urges the Department of Defense and the Department of State to explore with their Israeli counterparts and alert Congress of any requirements the Israeli Defense Force may have for additional Iron Dome batteries, interceptors, or other equipment.”

H.R. 4310, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, was signed into law on January 1, 2013