Hamas

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Hamas, also known as Harakat al Muqawama al Islamiyya, or the Islamic Resistance Movement, is a Palestinian terrorist group established in 1987 in the Gaza Strip. Since its inception, the group has rejected Israel’s right to exist, and has been at the forefront of Palestinian terrorist attacks against Israelis. In 2007, Hamas forcibly took control of the Gaza Strip from the Fatah-led Palestinian Authority (PA). Since then, the group, which receives support from Qatar, Turkey and Iran, has fought several wars with Israel, most notably in December 2008, and November 2012. Since 2001, according to the group’s own website, Hamas reportedly fired more than 11,000 rockets and mortars from Gaza towards Israel.

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Hamas Said to Be Building ‘New Generation’ of Rockets

Israeli intelligence officials believe Hamas is manufacturing a “new generation” of rockets and is reconstructing its cross-border tunnels, the London-based Times reported on Monday. Citing unnamed officials, the report maintained that dozens of “high trajectory projectiles,” which constitute a “new generation of home-produced rockets” have been tested since September. The rockets were fired at the […]

Egypt Begins Expanding Gaza Buffer Zone

Egypt started expanding its buffer zone with the Gaza Strip on Sunday, preparing for the evacuation and destruction of at least 1,200 houses, according to an Egyptian security source. The buffer zone is set to be doubled from 500 m. to 1 km., according to the source quoted by the Palestinian Ma’an News Agency. The […]

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Egypt to Begin Expanding Gaza Buffer Zone Next Week

Egypt said Tuesday work will begin next week to double the width of a buffer zone being built along the border with the Gaza Strip to prevent militants infiltrating from the Palestinian enclave. A 500-metre (546-yard) wide buffer zone is now being built along some 10 kilometres (six miles) of the border, with some 800 […]

Israel Strikes Gaza After Palestinian Sniper Fire

Israeli forces on Wednesday struck targets in the Gaza Strip, killing a Hamas militant, after its troops came under attack by Palestinian snipers while patrolling the Israeli side of the border, the military said. It was the first deadly clash between the sides since a 50-day war over the summer, and came days after Israel […]

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Hamas Asks Iran for Money, Weapons

During a celebration to mark Hamas’ inauguration, which was held in the Gaza Strip on Dec. 14, Abu Obeida, a spokesman for Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, expressed his thanks to Iran for supporting Hamas with money and weapons and providing it with rockets and anti-tank missiles. Before Hamas expressed its thanks to Iran, a high-level visit to Tehran was made […]

Hamas Official Confirms Qassam Rocket Tests

Less than four months after the Aug. 26 conclusion of Operation Protective Edge in the Gaza Strip, Hamas’ military wing is preparing for its next campaign against Israel, showing marked signs of bouncing back. On three consecutive days, Dec. 11-13, Hamas fired rockets into the Mediterranean Sea in a series of tests it has been conducting this […]

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Israel Scrambles Fighters as Hamas Parades Ababil UAV

Israel’s air force scrambled fighters on 14 December after Hamas militants launched an unmanned air vehicle to fly over a parade in Gaza marking the 27th anniversary of the organisation’s establishment. Israel was concerned the UAV might be sent into Israeli airspace, either to conduct an attack or to perform reconnaissance. However, the UAV was not shot […]

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Countering Gaza’s Mortars

Hours before the latest ceasefire was announced between Hamas and Israel, two Israeli civilians were killed and five others wounded near the Gaza border by Palestinian mortar fire. This followed a mortar attack Friday that killed four year-old Daniel Tragerman in kibbutz Nahal Oz. Though often overlooked because of their limited range and small size, […]

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Hamas Infiltration Tunnels

View Gaza Incursion Tunnels in a larger map Since the start of Israel’s Operation Protective Edge on July 17, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) discovered and destroyed 32 tunnels built by the terrorist group Hamas. 14 of those tunnels are reported to have crossed into Israel from the Gaza Strip. Based on press reports and […]

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Hamas’s New Commandos

Hamas rocket barrages are reaching deeper into Israel than previous conflicts, but Israel’s military brass is more concerned with the terror group’s newest tactic: commando raids. Hamas released a graphic video Tuesday, in which fighters from the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades are seen carrying out a tunnel-borne assault on Israeli soldiers at a base in Nahal Oz. […]

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Gaza Rockets, Iranian Fingerprints

Hamas has fired more than 1,400 rockets into Israel, putting roughly two-thirds of the population in range, since the most recent round of violence erupted last week. Many of the variants can be traced back to the tenacious weapons smuggling efforts of Iran. When Israel’s navy seized weapons aboard the Klos-C on the Red Sea in early March, it appeared Israeli […]

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The Syrian “M-302” Rockets Intercepted on the Red Sea

Early Wednesday morning, a special operations unit of the Israeli navy conducted what appears to be a long-planned boarding operation of a Panamanian-flagged ship, the Klos-C, which was transiting the Red Sea en route to Port Sudan. Members of the Shayetet 13 commando unit (Israel’s version of the U.S. Navy’s SEAL teams) seized “numerous advanced […]

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An Edge in the Desert

Weapons are pouring into the Middle East at an unprecedented rate. The Pentagon recently announced that it would sell six tilt-rotor Osprey aircraft to Israel for $1.3 billion, American hardware (including Apache helicopters) is being rushed to the Iraqi government to help in its battle against al Qaeda, and Washington has also restored military aid to Egypt after a brief hiatus. But Uncle […]

H.R. 2717, the United States-Israel Missile Defense Cooperation Act of 2013

H.R. 2717, the United States-Israel Missile Defense Cooperation Act of 2013, was introduced on July 17, 2013 in order to authorize additional assistance for Israel’s Iron Dome anti-missile defense system and cooperation on the David’s Sling, Arrow, and Arrow 3 anti-missile defense systems. The legislation finds that the State of Israel is under grave threat and frequent attacks from missiles, rockets, and mortars from Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and Hezbollah—in addition to potential ballistic attacks from Iran and Syria.

“The United States-Israel missile defense cooperation dates back over two decades with great success, such as the Arrow Weapon System, which is already protecting Israel. These systems are lifesaving, war-preventing and the technologies of the cooperative programs belong to both the United States and Israel.”

As it is in the United States’ own vital national interest to ensure peace and stability in the Middle East, it should support Israel’s ability to protect itself and its civilians against missiles, rockets, and mortars. The House appreciates Israel’s indication of willingness to share the technology of the Iron Dome anti-missile defense system. Acknowledging the recent advancements and successes of the David’s Sling Weapon System, Arrow, and Arrow 3 Weapon System, this legislation authorizes the United States government to provide Israel assistance as requested for their anti-missile defense:

The President, acting through the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State, is authorized to provide assistance, upon request of the Government of Israel, for the procurement of the Iron Dome anti-rocket defense system, as well as authorization for cooperation on the development, maintenance, enhancement, and sustainment of the David’s Sling, Arrow, and Arrow 3 anti-missile defense systems, for the purposes of intercepting short-range, medium-range, and long-range rockets, missiles, and projectiles launched against Israel.

H.R. 1130, the Iron Dome Support Act

H.R. 1130, the Iron Dome Support Act, was introduced on March 13, 2013. This bill commends Israel’s use of the Iron Dome to avert escalating tension in the Middle East, as well as its high success rate. The bill acknowledges that the State of Israel remains under constant threat from missiles, rockets, and mortar shells from Hamas and Hezbollah.

This legislation will explicitly include Hamas and Hezbollah as non-state actors threatening Israel’s qualitative military edge. As a result:

The United States remains committed to Israel’s qualitative military edge, including its advantage over non-state actors such as Hezbollah and Hamas, which boast increasingly sophisticated and powerful weapons as a result of support from Iran, Syria, and other state actors.”

The Iron Dome Support Act commends Israel’s Iron Dome anti-missile defense system’s impressive success rate in preventing massive Israeli civilian casualties, while also recognizing the system’s role in averting an escalation of Israeli operations during Operation Pillar of Defense. This bill, with Congressional and Senate approval, will affirm:

“The President, acting through the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State, is authorized to provide assistance, upon request by the Government of Israel, for the procurement, maintenance, enhancement, and sustainment of the Iron Dome defense system for purposes of intercepting short-range and medium-range rockets, missiles, and projectiles launched against Israel.”

H.R. 4310, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013

H.R. 4310, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, was made a law in early 2012. This law, following a recent Israel-Hamas conflict, further expressed the United States’ support for Israel attaining additional Iron Dome batteries. Consequentially, the legislation “urges the Department of Defense and the Department of State to explore with their Israeli counterparts and alert Congress of any requirements the Israeli Defense Force may have for additional Iron Dome batteries, interceptors, or other equipment.”

H.R. 4310, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, was signed into law on January 1, 2013