Iran’s air defence commander, Brigadier General Farzad Esmaili, has claimed the Islamic Republic is making progress on two indigenous long-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) programmes, in a series of announcements made on 28 August and 1 September.

He said on 28 August that the Bavar-373 SAM had been successfully test-fired for the first time. This announcement came almost three years after he revealed the system was being developed to replace the S-300 mobile, long-range SAM systems that Iran ordered from Russia, but which were cancelled after the UN imposed an arms embargo in 2010.

Although no imagery of the test was released, the Bavar-373 missile appears to have been shown for the first time in Iranian television footage of a military exhibition in Tehran on 28 August. The footage fleetingly showed a white missile with ‘373’ written on it that appeared to be roughly the same size and shape as the ones used with the S-300P series. […]