ANKARA — Building an indigenous battle tank to counter conventional threats and transforming NATO’s second largest Army from conscript to professional drive Turkish efforts to strengthen ground warfare, according to officials and analysts.

“As we perceive the country’s south and east re-emerging as a conventional security threat, these efforts will gain prominence,” a senior military official with training and doctrine division said. “Of course, other modernization programs, most notably one for attack helicopters, will support efforts for better combat readiness with a particular view to our southern and southeastern borders.”

A London-based Turkey specialist agrees.