M1A1 Abrams

Operator: Egypt Iraq Morocco Islamic State
Status: In Service / On Order In Service/On Order In Service / On Order Likely destroyed
Number: 1005 / 125 <112/175 22 (178) 2
Cost: $3.854 billion 2nd batch: $2.4 billion $1.015 billion Seized from Iraqi forces
Acquired: 1992-Present 1st batch: 2010-2012; 2nd batch: Requested Dec. 2014 2016-? 2014
General Specs
Country of origin: United States
Manufacturer: Chrysler Defense (now General Dynamics Land Systems) (499 produced in Egypt)
Introduced: 1985
Combat Weight (tons): 63 tons
Length (m): 32.3 ft (9.83 m)
Width (m): 12 ft (3.66 m)
Height (m): 8 ft (2.44 m)
Range (km): 288.9 miles (465 km)
Engine: Avco Lycoming AGT1500 gas turbine (1,500 hp)
Road Speed (km/h): 41.6 mph (67 km/h)
Offroad Speed (km/h): 24.9 mph (40 km/h)
Loader: Manual
Crew: 4
Armor Composite armor reinforced with Chobham RHA (depleted uranium mesh armor was not exported)
NBC Protection 200 SCFM-Clean Cooled Air
Nightvision Passive
Laser detection
Main Armament 120mm M256 Smoothbore cannon (40 rounds)
Ammunition Carried M865 TPCSDS-T, M831 TP-T, M8300 HEAT-MP-T, M829 APFSDS-T
Secondary Armament 1 x .50 cal M2 (1,000 rounds)
2 x 7.62mm M240 (12,400 rounds)
Radar/Sensors: Texas Instruments Independent Thermal Viewer
Hughes Thermal Imaging System
Onboard digital fire control computer
Wind sensor
Pendulum static cant sensor
Countermeasures/ Defenses: 12 x L8A1 smoke grenade dischargers
Misc Systems: Radiological and chemical reconnaissance equipment
Automatic Fire Detection/Suppression
Heater and communication sources



Moroccan M1 Tanks in Service

Morocco’s military has introduced into service the first of its recently acquired M1A1SA main battle tanks. At least two upgraded Abrams tanks were seen moving through Casablanca on 10 July. On 26 July the state-owned Medi1 television channel published images of the Royal Moroccan Armed Forces accepting the first Abrams in a ceremony at the […]


Meet the ‘Beast,’ the Little Iraqi Tank That Could

The Pentagon continues to search so hard for clear victories against the Islamic State that it can show off to a war-weary American public that it has begun heavily promoting the exploits of a single Iraqi tank nicknamed the “Beast.” Baghdad-based military spokesman Col. Steve Warren went out of his way during a routine Wednesday […]


General Dynamics Awarded $16 Million to Support Domestic Production of Egyptian M1A1 Tanks

General Dynamics Land Systems, Sterling Heights, Michigan, was awarded a $15,944,272 cost-plus-fixed-fee foreign military sales contract (Egypt) with options for technical services supporting domestic Egyptian M1A1 production.  One bid was solicited with one received.  Work will be performed in Sterling Heights, Michigan, with an estimated completion date of May 8, 2019.  Fiscal 2010 other procurement […]


General Dynamics Land Systems Awarded $72 Million for M1A1 Tank Logistics and Training for Iraq

General Dynamics Land Systems, Sterling Heights, Michigan, was awarded a $72,530,339 modification (P00031) to foreign military sales (Iraq) contract W56HZV-13-D-0015 for logistics support and training for M1A1 Tanks and M88 recovery vehicles for the government of Iraq, with an estimated completion date of Dec. 31, 2016.  Funding and work location will be determined with each […]


General Dynamics Awarded $358 Million to Upgrade M1A1 Tanks for Morocco

General Dynamics Land Systems, Sterling Heights, Michigan, was awarded a $358,000,000 firm-fixed-price undefinitized foreign military sales contract (Morocco) for conversion of 150 M1A1 vehicles to the M1A1 situational awareness configuration.  Work will be performed in Lima, Ohio, with an estimated completion date of Feb. 28, 2018.  One bid was solicited with one received.  Fiscal 2010 […]


Defense Munitions International Awarded $85 Million to Produce 120mm Tank Rounds for Iraq

Defense Munitions International, St. Petersburg, Florida, was awarded an $84,710,000 firm-fixed-price, indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity foreign military sales contract (Iraq) for 120mm armor piercing rounds. Bids were solicited via the Internet with one received. Funding and work location will be determined with each order.  Army Contracting Command, Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, is the contracting activity (W15QKN-15-D-0066).


Morocco Abrams Tank Program Moves Forward

Morocco is set to receive at least 50 M1A1 Abrams tanks, according to a contract announced by the US Department of Defense (DoD) on 28 August. The USD17.2 million contract was awarded to General Dynamics Land Systems and covers the “removal and disposal of 50 M1A1 frontal turret armour packages and installation of M1A1 situation […]


The Saudi-led Coalition Is Not Ready to Fight the Islamic State

President Barack Obama and Defense Secretary Ashton Carter visited Saudi Arabia last week hoping to reassure nervous Gulf allies that American security commitments remain in force in the wake of last year’s Iran nuclear deal. In exchange, the White House was hoping to encourage the Gulf states to play a more active role in the […]


Washington’s Bad Military Bets in the Middle East

Last month, the Houthis took over Yemen, delivering a blow to Washington’s counterterrorism strategy, which held out Yemen as one of the few bright spots in an otherwise chaotic Middle East. Adding insult to injury, as Washington took steps to shutter its embassy earlier this month, the Houthis took all U.S. embassy vehicles parked at […]