Operator: Status: Number: Cost: Acquired:
Algeria In Service / Being Upgraded* 400 / 360 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1963-1982
Egypt In Service ~220 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1973-1974
Iran In Service >300 Unknown – from the Soviet Union and second-hand from Syria 1982-1989
Iraq In Service / Undergoing Delivery ~370 / ~240 Unknown – originally acquired from the Soviet Union. Refurbished second-hand vehicles are being supplied from the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, and Greece starting in 2005. 1974-
ISIS In Service Few dozen Seized from Syrian and Iraqi forces 2014-
Kurdistan Regional Government In Service ~20 Unknown – from Iraqi Army inventory Post-2003
Libya In Service <100 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1979-1982
North Korea In Service <200 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1977-1989
Syria In Service <1000 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1972-1982
Yemen In Service <140 Unknown – from the Soviet Union 1983-1986
General Specs
Country of origin: Soviet Union
Class: Infantry fighting vehicle
Manufacturer: Kurganmashzavod – also produced in Czechoslovakia, India, and China (no longer in production)
Introduced: Early 1960s
Combat Weight (tons): 14.9 US tons (13.5 metric tons)
Length (m): 22 ft (6.7 m)
Width (m): 9.5 ft (2.9 m)
Height (m): 7.2 ft (2.2 m)
Range (km): 372.8 miles (600 km)
Engine: Type UTD-20 6-cylinder in-line water-cooled diesel (300 hp)
Road Speed (km/h): 40.4 mph (65 km/h)
Offroad Speed (km/h): Unknown
Fording: Amphibious
Water Speed (km/h): 4.3 mph (7 km/h)
Crew: 3 crew + 8 troops
Armor 33mm steel (max)
NBC Protection Yes
Nightvision Yes – Infrared
Main Armament: 1 x 73mm 2A28 smoothbore gun (40 rounds)
Secondary Armament: 1 x AT-3 Sagger anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) launcher (5 missiles)
1 x 7.62mm coaxial PKT machine gun (2,000 rounds)
Radar/Sensors: None
Variants: BMP-1P – Sagger missile replaced with AT-4 Spigot ATGM
BRM-1K – basic reconnaissance
BREM-1 and BREM-4 – recovery vehicles
BMP-IKShM – unarmed command vehicle
BMP-POO – armored ambulance with raised roof
BMP-1G – export version with Sagger missile replaced with AT-5 Spandrel ATGM and 30mm AG-17 grenade launcher
Countermeasures/ Defenses: Engine produces smoke, later models include 6 x 81mm smoke grenade launchers
Notes: ISIS frequently uses BMP-1s as armored vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (VB-IEDs)
*Algeria’s BMP-1s are undergoing upgrade to include 4 x Kornet-E ATGMs, 1 x AGS-30 30mm automatic grenade launcher, 1 x 30mm 2A42 main gun, and 1 x 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun – sharing many of the same weapon systems as the BMP-2 IFV.
The Chinese version is known as the WZ 501, the Polish version is know as the BWP, and the Czech version is known as the BVP-1.


  • Christopher F. Foss, Jane’s Tanks and Combat Vehicles Recognition Guide, (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2000) page 174-175.
  • Training and Doctrine Command DCSINT Threat Directorate, “Worldwide Equipment Guide,” United States Army, 1997, Page 2-21 and 4-22.
  • Jiri Kominek, “Iraq receives more T-72s, BMP-1s,” IHS Jane’s, December 18, 2015.
  • Algeria to get another 360 Upgraded BMPs,” IHS Jane’s, April 8, 2015.
  • Trade Registers,” Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Accessed July 11, 2016.

Iraq Receives More T-72s, BMP-1s

The Iraqi Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 16 December that it had received a consignment of tanks, armoured vehicles, and ammunition from Bulgaria. It provided no further details. The announcement came after photographs began circulating on social media showing a T-72 tank and as many as 12 BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) that had […]


BMP Upgrades Drive Algerian Modernization

Russia’s KBP Instrument Design Bureau says it has started upgrading 360 BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for the Algerian Army in a follow-up order to more than 400 upgraded IFVs recently delivered to the North African country. Military observers view the rapid modernization drive as part of a larger Algerian effort to improve its land […]


Algeria to Get Another 360 Upgraded BMPs

Russia’s KBP Instrument Design Bureau has started to fulfil the second part of a contract to upgrade Algerian BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs), according to Vladimir Popov, the director general of the KBP subsidiary Shcheglovsky Val. “Previously, more than 400 upgraded BMP-1s were delivered to Algeria,” Popov told the TASS news agency. “KBP has started […]


Czechs to Deliver T-72 Tanks, APCs to Iraq

The Czech firm Excalibur Army will deliver 100 repaired tanks and armored personnel carriers (APCs) to the Iraqi military in a contract for hundreds of million crowns, the server writes today. The contract was given a go-ahead by the Czech foreign, defense and interior ministries. The arms are to help Baghad fight Islamic State. […]


Iraqi Abrams Losses Revealed

The armour on five of Iraq’s M1A1 Abrams tanks was penetrated by anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs) and six helicopters were shot down between 1 January and the end of May, The New York Times quoted an unnamed US official as saying on 13 June. The official said 28 Iraqi Army Abrams had been damaged in fighting with […]