Open source information on Hezbollah’s weapon arsenal is difficult to glean due to the organization’s lack of transparency. MilitaryEdge.org has created broad categories of Hezbollah weaponry to provide a general sense of capabilities.
According to Israeli officials, Hezbollah currently maintains an estimated arsenal of 150,000 rockets and missiles. This is 50% more than estimated in May 2015 and more than seven times the number assessed to have been in their inventory in 2006 – of which nearly 4,000 rockets were fired into Israel. The specifics to how the IDF classifies “rockets” and “missiles” is fairly broad and could range from short-range mortars to long range surface-to-surface guided ballistic missiles such as the Iranian-made Fateh-110. Indeed, in 2010, then U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates said, “[Hezbollah has] so many rockets that they are at a point where they have more missiles than most governments in the world.” Similarly, according to former Mossad chief Meir Dagan, Hezbollah has “firepower that 90 percent of the countries in the world do not have.”
Indirect fire weapons that Hezbollah is believe to possess include:
- 81mm – 4.9 km range; 4.05 kg warhead
- 120mm – 6 km range; 13 kg warhead
- Unguided rockets
- 107mm Type-63 – 8.5 km range; 5-7 kg warhead
- 122mm Grad/Katyusha – 20-40 km range; 10-60 kg warhead
- 240mm Fajr 3 – 43 km range; 90 kg warhead
- 240mm Falaq-1 – 10 km range; 50 kg warhead
- 333mm Fajr 5 – 75 km range; 175 kg warhead
- 333mm Falaq-2 – 10 km range; 120 kg warhead
- 302mm Khaibar – 100-212 km range; 175 kg warhead
- 610mm Zelzal-2 – 250 km range; 600 kg warhead
Emerging as the primary weapon of Hezbollah, indirect fire munitions such as cheaply-made rockets and mortars allow the group to amass a large amount of firepower that can be rapidly deployed and reach deep into Israeli territory, while at the same time minimizing risk to its fighters. Because the rockets lack the accuracy of conventional artillery systems, firing large numbers increases the chance of striking targets and make it harder for defensive systems like Iron Dome to shield. Furthermore, they represent a significant psychological weapon as Hezbollah’s willingness to direct the weapon a large civilian populations.
- “Hezbollah hiding 100,000 missiles that can hit north, army says,” The Associated Press, May 13, 2015.
- William M. Arkin, Divining Victory: Airpower in the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War, (Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Press, 2011), page 32.
- Galen Wright, “Mortar Artillery,” The Arkenstone, April 4, 2011.
- Jane’s Weapon Systems, 19th Edition, 1988-1989, (Coulsdon, United Kingdom: Jane’s Information Group, 1988), page 116.
- Threat Support Directorate, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, OPFOR: Worldwide Equipment Guide, (Ft. Leavenworth, KS, 1999), Page 125.
- N.R. Jenzen-Jones, Yuri Lyamin, and Galen Wright, “Iranian Falaq-1 and Falaq-2 Rockets in Syria,” ARES, May 2014.
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