|Number:||At least 4|
|Country of origin:||Russia|
|Manufacturer:||Omsk Design Bureau|
|Introduced:||2001 (early models introduced in 1989)|
|Category||Multiple rocket launcher (also know as a heavy flamethrower system because of the thermobaric rockets it fires)|
|Rocket weight:||478.4 lbs (217 kg)|
|Rocket length:||12.1 ft (3.7 m)|
|Barrel/Tube length:||12.1 ft (3.7 m)|
|Platform:||T-72A tank chassis|
|Number of tubes:||24|
|Vehicle length:||23.6 ft (7.2 m)|
|Vehicle width:||11.8 ft (3.6 m)|
|Vehicle height:||10.2 ft (3.1 m)|
|Vehicle Powerplant:||V-84MS diesel engine|
|Rate of Fire:||24 rounds in 6-12 seconds|
|Range:||0.2-3.7 miles (0.4-6 km)|
|Sights:||Optical sight with laser rangefinder connected to fire control computer|
|Ammunition:||220.5 lbs (100 kg) thermobaric or incendiary warhead|
|Notes:||Ideal for use against bunkers and fortified positions|
- “TOS-1A.” Military-Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
- “Heavy Flamethrower System TOS-1A.” Rocketry – Russian. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Aug. 2014.
- Binnie, Jeremy. “Iraq Focuses on Swift Delivery of Russian Weaponry.” IHS Jane’s 360. N.p., 31 July 2014. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
- Al Salami, Jassem. “Russia’s Bunker-Smashing Rockets Have Arrived in Iraq.”War Is Boring. Medium, 29 July 2014. Web. 01 Aug. 2014.
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