|Country of origin:||North Korea|
|Category||Long-range self-propelled artillery|
|Platform:||Chinese Type 59 tank chassis|
|Engine:||Model 12150L V12 liquid-cooled diesel (520 hp)|
|Road Speed (km/h):||24.9 mph (40 km/h)|
|Length:||36.1 ft (11 m)|
|Width:||10.5 ft (3.2 m)|
|Height:||9.8 ft (3+ m)|
|Weight:||40 US tons (36.3 metric tons)|
|Rate of Fire:||2 rounds per five minutes|
|Range:||24.9 – 37.3 miles (40 – 60 km)|
|Ammunition:||High explosive (HE), frag, or chemical (12 rounds) – able to reach targets at 60 km with rocket assisted projectile|
|Notes:||Upgrade of M1978 Koksan gun system. Design is based on Soviet coastal gun systems and the 2S7 self-propelled gun.|
- “M-1978 / M1989 (Koksan) 170mm self propelled (SP) gun,” GlobalSecurity.org, March 29, 2016.
- Christopher F. Foss, Jane’s Tanks and Combat Vehicles Recognition Guide, (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2000) page 20.
- “M1978 (Koksan) Self-Propelled Gun (1975),” Military Factory, March 10, 2013.
- “M1989 170-mm self-propelled gun,” Military Today, accessed July 11, 2016.
- Anthony H. Cordesman & Ashley Hess, The Evolving Military Balance in the Peninsula and Northeast Asia, Volume II Conventional Balance, Asymmetric Forces, and US Forces, (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, June 2013), page 77.